美国pre-k(四岁孩子)教学大纲(附汉语解释)

Children in the Pre-K program at my school explore these concepts, but are not required to master them before entering Kindergarten. Children learn these concepts at their own pace. What is learned in Pre-K is considered a “bonus”. Children are taught with hands-on materials, songs, and games. They are assessed by observation and work samples.

(大意:这些是孩子在pre-k里要学的东西,不要求进校之前就掌握,进校后也是按孩子自己的速度学习,在这个阶段学的东西算是一种“奖金”(不是任务)。)

Math(数学)

* Numerals 1-10 (认识1到10)
* Counting objects to 10 (能数到10)
* One-to-one correspondence of objects (能数10个以内的实物)
* Sorting by various attributes: color, shape, size (能按颜色、形状和大小等给事物分类)
* Patterns: AB, AABB, ABC (能识别AB, AABB, ABC等组合规律)
* Sizes: small, medium, large (能辨别物体的大中小)
* Shapes: square, rectangle, circle, triangle (认识正方形,长方形,圆形,三角形)
* Matching: symbols, shapes, patterns, etc. (能找出一样的符号,形状,模式等)
* Same and Different (懂得“相同”和“不同”的概念)
* More, Less, Same (懂得“更多”“更少”“相同”的概念)
* Time: Day and Night (时间:知道白天和黑夜)
* Money: Explore through games, songs, and pretend play (钱:通过游戏、歌曲等认识)

Literacy (读写能力)

* Exposure to alphabet: letter names and sounds (接触字母表:字母名称和读音)
* Recognize, spell, write first name (辨别和拼写自己的名(不包括姓))
* Hold a pencil, marker, crayon correctly (会以正确的方式握铅笔、标签笔和蜡笔)
* Retell familiar stories(能复述熟悉的故事)
* Draw pictures and dictate sentences about stories and experiences (根据对故事和经历的陈述画图)
* Answer questions about stories (回答有关故事的问题)
* Repeat simple nursery rhymes and fingerplays (能重复简单的儿歌和用手指动作相伴的歌曲)
* Concepts of print: left to right direction, holding a book right-side-up (有关印刷品的概念:从左到右排列,如何拿书(不要拿倒了))
* Build new vocabulary (学习新词汇)
* Build listening skills (学习听的技能)
* Strengthen visual discrimination (加强辨识能力,比如那些词是一样的,那些不同等)
* Sequencing (排序)
* Develop fine motor skills: play dough, scissors, writing utensils, Legos, etc. (发展运动技能:玩面团,剪刀,书写工具,乐高玩具等)

Science(科学)

* Explore science tools: magnets, prisms, magnifying glasses, etc. (探索科学工具:磁铁,棱镜,放大镜等)
* Experience the world through nature walks, gardening, and other explorations (通过散布,园艺和其他活动体验世界)
* Observe insect life(观察昆虫的生活)
* Observe plant growth(观察植物生长)
* Observe weather and plant life during each season (观察不同季节里天气与植物的生命之间的关系)
* Measure and mix ingredients in cooking activities(在烹调活动中学习计量和混合物品)
* Identify basic colors and explore color mixing(认识基本颜色,探索颜色的混合)
* Make observational drawings and dictation(根据观察和陈述画图)
* Explore the world with the five senses (通过听、看、触、嗅、尝探索世界)
* Investigate animals, the homes they live in, the food they eat(研究动物,它们住哪儿,吃什么等)

Creative Arts (音乐美术)

* Explore a variety of art processes: painting, drawing, sculpture, weaving, collage, etc. (探索不同美术活动:用颜料作画,铅笔绘图,雕塑,编织,拼贴等)
* Use a variety of art materials: crayons, tempera paint, watercolor paint, colored pencils, markers, oil pastels, art chalk, clay (能使用不同材料作画:蜡笔,速干颜料,水彩,彩色铅笔,油画棒,美术粉笔,粘土等)
* Experiment with mixing paint colors(尝试混合不同颜色的颜料)
* Sing traditional songs and songs that enhance the curriculum(学唱经典儿童歌曲以及提高本大纲要求的歌曲)
* Participate in movement songs and dances(参与运动歌曲和跳舞活动)
* Use scarves, rhythm sticks, and bean bags to practice rhythms(使用韵律棒和豆包等物练习节奏感)
* Use a variety of children’s instruments(使用各种儿童乐器)
* Participate in dramatic play(参加话剧表演)
* Dramatize familiar stories(将熟悉的故事改成话剧上演)
* Act out the movements and sounds of animals(模仿动物的动作和声音)

Social Skills(社交技能)

* Practice problem-solving skills in social situations(练习社交场合解决问题的技能)
* Work in groups or with a partner on a variety of projects(与一个或几个人合作完成各种项目)
* Share classroom materials with the group(与小组成员合用课堂用品)
* Practice using manners: please, thank you, excuse me, table manners(练习礼貌待人:请,谢谢,对不起,以及餐桌礼仪)
* Communicate his/her needs(会表达自己的需求)
* Take care of his/her own basic needs: clean up, roll up nap pad, fasten clothing, use tissue as needed, etc. (能满足自己最简单的需求:清理,卷好午睡垫,穿衣,需要时用纸巾等)
* State personal information: first and last name, age, school name, city, state, country(能说出个人信息:名和姓,年龄,学校名称,(居住)城市,州,国家)
* Explore types of work and workers(了解不同行业及工作者)
* Explore modes of transportation(了解不同交通方式)
* Participate in projects to help others in need: Neighbors in Need, Birthright, Operation: Rice Bowl, missions, etc. (参加帮助他人的活动:“救助饥饿邻居”,“帮助贫穷母亲”,“为饥民祈祷”等活动)

Technology(技术)

* Use computer programs to create picture stories(用电脑软件做图片故事)
* Use a computer mouse: click, click and drag(会用电脑鼠标:单击,单击并拖动)
* Use the Internet to explore kid-friendly websites(使用互联网发现适合儿童访问的网站)

Religion

* Listen to Old and New Testament Bible stories
* Recognize that plants, animals, and human beings are God’s creations
* Recognize that God created families to love and take care of one another
* Learn about God’s love
* Listen to stories of the life of Jesus
* Learn Jesus’ teachings to love God and love others

4 responses to “美国pre-k(四岁孩子)教学大纲(附汉语解释)

  1. 真的只用数到十啊?太简单了,黄米肯定老早就会了。

  2. 这只是网上随便找来的某一家pre-k的大纲,不代表全美国。
    这个大纲里有宗教要求,很明显只是一家之言。

  3. 如果按照这个大纲来要求的话,那艾颜妹妹应该算是神童了,因为她才两岁,就能用好几门语言从1数到10,还会写日记,还是妈妈的时尚顾问!

  4. 在这个阶段学的东西算是一种“奖金”!(不是任务)
    这句我最喜欢,呵呵!

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