你算左派还是右派?

对照查一查,你是左派还是右派?

《A Guide to Basic Differences Between Left and Right》
《左派右派基本区别导读》

(原文作者:Dennis Prager
翻译:万吉庆)

人权的来源

左派:人权来自于政府

右派:人权来自于造物主

人性

左派:人性大体上是善良的(因此,主要应该由社会对邪恶负责)

右派:人性大体上是坏的(因此,主要应该由个人对邪恶负责)

经济目标

左派:平等

右派:繁荣

国家的主要角色

左派:增进和保护平等

右派:增进和保护自由

政府

左派:尽可能大

右派:尽可能小

理想的家庭

左派:任何相爱的人组成的单位

右派:已婚的父亲、母亲及其孩子组成的单位

三位一体的指导原则(Guiding Trinity)

左派:种族、性别、阶级

右派:自由、我们信仰上帝、合众为一(E Pluribus Unum)

善与恶

左派:对个人或社会而言,善恶是相对的

右派:善与恶基于普遍的绝对真理

人类的主要分类(Primary Division)

左派:富人与穷人;强者与弱者;

右派:好人和坏人

一个美国人理想的身份

左派:世界公民

右派:美国公民

如何创造一个美好的社会

左派:废除不平等

右派:增强每个人的道德品质

如何评价美国

左派:美国在道德上显然有瑕疵,比任何一个欧洲国家都逊色

右派:美国是世界史上最强大的、为善的力量

性别

左派:性别是由社会建构的

右派:男人和女人

在培养孩子时,最重要的品质

左派:自尊心

右派:自控力

人类胎儿的价值

左派:由母亲决定

右派:由植根于犹太—基督教价值观的社会决定

犯罪的主要原因

左派:贫穷、种族主义以及其他社会缺陷

右派:犯罪分子不辨是非(malfunctioning conscience)

上帝和宗教在美国的地位

左派:世俗政府和世俗社会

右派:世俗政府和宗教社会

如何看待美国例外论

左派:一种沙文主义学说

右派:历史事实

对世界的最大威胁

左派:环境灾难;目前是全球气候变暖

右派:邪恶;目前来自伊斯兰教主义者的暴力(Islamist violence)

理想的国际社会

左派:由联合国统治的世界,任何一个国家都不占主导地位

右派:美国占主导地位的世界

中东缺少和平的主要原因

左派:以色列在约旦河西岸的定居点

右派:巴勒斯坦人、阿拉伯,穆斯林不承认以色列国的生存权

艺术的目的

左派:挑战现状、挑战资产阶级的情感

右派:创造富有美感和内涵深刻的作品,提升个人和社会

枪支

左派:理想状况是,除警察、军队以及登记在册的运动员外,应全面禁枪

右派:理想状况是,负责任的个人广泛地持有枪支,用于自保以及保护他人

种族

左派:本质上讲意义重大

右派:本质上讲无关紧要

大学里的种族、民族和性别的多样性

左派:最重要的莫过于此

右派:远不如意识形态的多样性重要

美国黑人面临的主要问题

左派:种族歧视

右派:缺少父亲(Lack of fathers,译注:即黑人的单亲家庭比例高)

最伟大的剧作家

左派:完全是主观的。不存在最伟大的剧作家。

右派:莎士比亚

战争

左派:“战争不是答案”

右派:有时候,面对邪恶,战争是唯一的答案

仇恨

左派:仇恨是错的,仇恨政治右派除外

右派:仇恨是错的,除了仇恨邪恶

不同的文化(Cultures)

左派:所有的文化都平等

右派:文化有优劣之分

美国的国父们

左派:富人、白人、男性奴隶主

右派:一群伟人,他们建立了一个最伟大的社会

法官的目标

左派:追求社会公正

右派:追求公正

国家的边界

左派:历史的遗迹

右派:对国家的生存不可或缺

如何看待非法移民

左派:受欢迎的客人

右派:非法移民

大自然

左派:自然本质上有其价值

右派:自然是为人服务的

—————————–

原文:

Source of Human Rights

Left: government

Right: the Creator

Human Nature

Left: basically good (Therefore, society is primarily responsible for evil.)

Right: not basically good (Therefore, the individual is primarily
responsible for evil.)

Economic Goal

Left: equality

Right: prosperity

Primary Role of the State

Left: increase and protect equality

Right: increase and protect liberty

Government

Left: as large as possible

Right: as small as possible

Family Ideal

Left: any loving unit of people

Right: a married father and mother, and children

Guiding Trinity

Left: race, gender and class

Right: liberty, In God We Trust and e pluribus unum

Good and Evil

Left: relative to individual and/or society

Right: based on universal absolutes

Humanity’s Primary Division(s)

Left: rich and poor; strong and weak

Right: good and evil

Ideal Primary Identity of an American

Left: world citizen

Right: American citizen

How to Make a Good Society

Left: abolish inequality

Right: develop each citizen’s moral character

View of America

Left: profoundly morally flawed; inferior to any number of European
countries

Right: greatest force for good among nations in world history

Gender

Left: a social construct

Right: male and female

Most Important Trait to Cultivate in a Child

Left: self-esteem

Right: self-control

Worth of the Human Fetus

Left: determined by the mother

Right: determined by society rooted in Judeo-Christian values

Primary Source of Crime

Left: poverty, racism and other societal flaws

Right: the criminal’s malfunctioning conscience

Place of God and Religion in America

Left: secular government and secular society

Right: secular government and religious society

American Exceptionalism

Left: chauvinistic doctrine

Right: historical reality

Greatest Threat to the World

Left: environmental catastrophe (currently global warming)

Right: evil (currently radical Islamist violence)

International Ideal

Left: world governed by the United Nations, and no single country is
dominant

Right: world in which America is the single strongest entity

Primary Reason for Lack of Peace in Middle East

Left: Israeli settlements in the West Bank

Right: Palestinian, Arab and Muslim denial of Jewish state’s right to exist

Purpose of Art

Left: challenge status quo and bourgeois sensibilities

Right: produce works of beauty and profundity to elevate the individual and
society

Guns

Left: ideally universally abolished, except for use by police, the armed
forces and registered sportsmen

Right: ideally widely owned by responsible individuals for self-protection
and the protection of others

Race

Left: intrinsically significant

Right: intrinsically insignificant

Racial, Ethnic and Gender Diversity at Universities

Left: most important

Right: far less important than ideological diversity

Black America’s Primary Problem

Left: racism

Right: lack of fathers

Greatest Playwright

Left: entirely subjective; there is no greatest playwright

Right: Shakespeare

War

Left: not the answer

Right: sometimes the only answer

Hate

Left: wrong, except when directed at the political

Right: wrong, except when directed at evil

Cultures

Left: all equal

Right: some are better than others

America’s Founding Fathers

Left: rich white male slave owners

Right: great men who founded the greatest society

Purpose of Judges

Left: pursue social justice

Right: pursue justice

National Borders

Left: a relic of the past

Right: indispensable for national survival

View of Illegal Immigrants

Left: welcomed guests

Right: illegal immigrants

Nature

Left: intrinsically valuable

Right: made for man

http://www.dennisprager.com/a-guide-to-basic-differences-between-left-and-right/

Advertisements

3 responses to “你算左派还是右派?

  1. 按这个定义,我是右派。

  2. 惭愧,我忽左忽右。

  3. 一直觉得自己是中间派,没想到是个大右派。

发言的人请给自己一个比较好辨识(也比较固定的)ID,凡是没名字的,我就删掉了。

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s